Istilah Yang Dipakai pada Perkapalan dan Pelayaran

Berikut beberapa istilah-istilah yang biasa dipakai di industri perkapalan dan pelayaran. Bagi yang bekerja di bidang perkapalan atau pelayaran mungkin sudah sering mendengar beberapa istilahnya sehingga tahu fungsi dari singkatan atau istilah tersebut untuk dipergunakan.

Pada bidang industri perkapalan dan pelayan terdapat beragam istilah yang dipakai untuk keperluan bermacam pekerjaan. 



<img src="link images" alt="Pelayaran Kapal Oil dan gas marine" title="Judul">
Soure: Pixabay

Istilah dipakai pada Perkapalan dan Pelayaran

A

AMVER : Automated Mutual-Assistance Vessel Rescue System ALC : Articulated Loading Column AIS : Automatic Identification System AMVER : Automated Mutual Assistance Vessel Rescue System ASL : Archipelagic Sea Lane ATBA : Area To Be Avoided ARPA : Automatic Radar Plotting Aid ASF : Additional Secondary Factor: corrections to be applied ATLAS : Autonomous Temperature Line Acquisition System ARCS : Admiralty Raster Chart Service: electronic raster charts produced by the United Kingdom Hydrographic Office ATA : Automatic Tracking Aid: electronic plotting device or radars AHTS : Handling Tug and Supply AHT : Handling Tug C CIF : Cost, Insurance and Freight CALM : Catenary Anchor Leg Mooring CILT : The Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport CIM : The Chartered Institute of Marketing CIP : Carriage and Insurance Paid To CBM : Conventional Buoy Mooring CDC : Certain Dangerous Cargo CHA : Competent Harbour Authority COTP : Captain of the Port CVTS : Co-operative Vessel Traffic System CES : Coast Earth Station COLREGS : Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, 1972, as amended CFS : Container Freight Station CPD : Charterer Pays Dues CSO : Company Security Officer CALM : Catenary Anchor Leg Mooring CILT : The Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport CIM : The Chartered Institute of Marketing CIP : Carriage and Insurance Paid To CBM : Conventional Buoy Mooring CDC : Certain Dangerous Cargo CHA : Competent Harbour Authority COTP : Captain of the Port CVTS : Co-operative Vessel Traffic System CES : Coast Earth Station COLREGS : Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, 1972, as amended CFS : Container Freight Station CPD : Charterer Pays Dues CSO : Company Security Officer D DPO : Dynamic Positioning Operator DSC : Digital Selective Calling DART : Deep-ocean Assessment and Reporting Tsunamis DF : Direction Finding DWT : Dead weight tonnage DG : Degassing DGPS : Differential Global Positioning System DPG : Dangerous and Polluting Goods DSC : Digital Selective Calling DW : Deep Water DWT : Dead weight Tonnage DZ : Danger Zone DGPS : Differential Global Positioning System (see GNSS) DOC : Document of Compliance issued to the ship operator under the ISM Code DP : Dynamic Positioning: the ability of a ship to maintain automatically a pre-set position and heading by using her own propellers and thrusters DWCC : Dead Weight Cargo Carrying E ELSBM : Exposed Location Single Buoy Mooring ENE : East Northeast EPIRB : Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon ESE : East Southeast ETA : Estimated Time of Arrival ETD : Estimated Time of Departure EBL : Electronic Bearing Line: a radar feature ECDIS : Electronic Chart Display and Information System ECS : Electronic Chart System EGC : Enhanced Group Call ENC : Electronic Navigational Chart EP : Estimated Position EPA : Electronic Plotting Aid EPIRB : Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon ETS : Estimated Time of Sailing F FAD : Fish Aggregating Device feu : Foot Equivalent Unit ft. : Foot (Feet) FPU : Floating Production Unit FSO : Storage and Offloding Vessel FPSO : Floating Production Storage and Offloading Vessel FGSO : Floating Gas Storage Offloading ship/vessel or unit GLONASS FD : Free of Despatch FCL : Full Container Load G GPS : Global Positioning System GRT : Gross Register Tonnage GT : Gross Tonnage GMDSS : Global Maritime Distress and Safety System GNSS : Global Navigation Satellite System GOC : General Operator’s Certification level GPS : Global Positioning System (see GNSS) H HF : High Frequency HW : High Water hm : Hectometer HP : Horse Power hPa : Hectopascal HSC : High Speed Craft HMS : Her (His) Majesty's Ship HAT : Highest Astronomical Tide HF : High Frequency HPR : Hydro acoustic Position Reference IAMSAR I ITCZ : Intertropical Convergence Zone IMDG : International Maritime Dangerous Goods IMO : International Maritime Organization IALA : International Association of Lighthouse Authorities IHO : International Hydrographic Organization ISPS : International Ship and Port Facility Security Code ITZ : Inshore Traffic Zone ICAO : International Civil Aviation Organization IHO : International Hydrographic Organization ILO : International Labor Organization IMO : International Maritime Organization IBS : Integrated Bridge System J JRCC : Joint Rescue Co-ordination Centre K kHz : Kilohertz km : Kilometre(s) kn : Knot(s) kW : Kilowatt(s) L LOA : Length Overall LANBY : Large Automatic Navigation Buoy LASH : Lighter Aboard Ship LAT : Lowest Astronomical Tide LF : Low Frequency LHG : Liquefied Hazardous Gas LPG : Liquefied Petroleum Gas LW : Low Water LMT : Local Mean Time LNG : Liquefied Natural Gas LWT : Lightweight/Light mass L/C : Letter of Credit LCL : Less (than) Container Load L/G : Letter of Guarantee L.I. : Liner Inward LILO : Last-In, Last-Out L.I.O. : Liner In and Out Lo-Lo ship : Lift-on Lift-off Ship LT : (Lead Time) Time between placing and receiving an order LTL : Less-Than-Truckload LBP : Length Between Perpendiculars M MCTS : Marine Communications and Traffic Service Centers MF : Medium Frequency MHz : Megahertz MHHW : Mean Higher High Water MHLW : Mean Higher Low Water MHW : Mean High Water MMSI : Maritime Mobile Service Identity MRCC : Maritime Rescue Co-ordination Centre MRSC : Maritime Rescue Sub-Centre MSI : Marine Safety Information MSL : Mean Sea Level MV : Motor Vessel MW : Megawatt(s) MHWN : Mean High Water Neaps MHWS : Mean High Water spring MLHW : Mean Lower High Water MLLW : Mean Lower Low Water MLW : Mean Low Water MLWN : Mean Lower Water Neaps MLWS : Mean Lower Water Spring

N NT : Net Tonnage NW : Northwest NRT : Net Register Tonnage NOAA : National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NBDP : Narrow-Band Direct printing telegraphy used for radio telex and NAVTEX NVOCC : Non Vessel Operating Common Carrier O ODAS : Ocean Data Acquisition System OOW : Officer of the Watch ORC : Origin Receiving Charge O/S : Open Side Container O/T : Open Top Container O/W : Over Width P PLEM : Pipe Line End Manifold PMSC : Port Marine Safety Code POL : Petrol, Oil & Lubricants PSSA : Particularly Sensitive Sea Areas PWC : Personal Watercraft PEC : Pilotage Exemption Certificate PEL : Port Entry Light PRS : Position Reference System: a navigational sensor (e.g. DGPS) R

RCC : Rescue Co-ordination Center RMS : Royal Mail Ship RN : Royal Navy RoRo Ship : Roll-on, Roll offs Ship RT : Radio Telephony RCDS : Raster Chart Display System RENC : Regional Electronic Navigational Chart Co-coordinating RNC : Raster Navigational Chart ROC : Restricted Operator’s Certificate S SALM : Single Anchor Leg Mooring System SALS : Single Anchored Leg Storage System SAR : Search And Rescue Satnav : Satellite Navigation SBM : Single Buoy Mooring SE : Southeast SS : Steamship SSCC : Ship Sanitation Control Certificate SSCEC : Ship Sanitation Control Exemption Certificate STL : Submerged Turret Loading STS : Ship to Ship SWATH : Small Water plane Area Twin Hull Ship SHA : Statutory Harbor Authority SPM : Single Point Mooring sq. : Square SRR : Search and Rescue Region SART : Search and Rescue Transponder SENC : System Electronic Navigational Chart SMCP : Standard Marine Communication Phrases SMPEP : Shipboard Marine Pollution Emergency Plan SMS : Safety Management System under the ISM Code SOPEP : Shipboard Oil Pollution Emergency Plan S-VDR : Simplified Voyage Data Recorder SES : Ship Earth Station: ship borne satellite communication station S/O / S/I : Shipping Order / Shipping Instruction S.O.C. : Shipper's Own Container SQL : Structure Query Language S/S : Steamship SSL : Secure Socket Layer S.T.C. : Said To Contain

T TMC : Transmitting Magnetic Compass TQM : Total Quality Management T.R.S. : Terminal Receiving Station TSA : Transpacific Stabilization Agreement TT : Telegraphic Transfer TVC : Time Volume Contract U UHF : Ultra High Frequency UKC : Under-kell Clearance UKHO : United Kingdom Hydrographic Office ULCC : Ultra Large Crude Carrier UT : Universal Time UTC : Co-ordinated Universal Time UMS : Unmanned Machinery Space V

VTC : Vessel Traffic Centre VTMS : Vessel Traffic Management System VTS : Vessel Traffic Services VDR : Voyage Data Recorder VHF : Very High Frequency VLCC : Very Large Crude Carrier VMRS : Vessel Movement Reporting system VDR : Voyage Data Recorder VRM : Variable Range Marker: a radar feature VTS : Vessel Traffic Services

W WGS : World Geodetic System WMO : World Meteorological Organization WNW : West Northwest WSW : West Southwest WT : radio (Wireless) Telegraphy WEND : World Electronic Navigational Chart Database WMO : World Meteorological Organization WWNWS : Wide Navigational Warning Service WWRNS : World-Wide Radio Navigation System


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